Virus Detection and Duration of Illness Among Patients With 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection in Texas
Knowledge from early outbreaks is limited regarding the virus detection and illness duration of the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infections. During the period from April to May 2009 in Texas, we collected serial nasopharyngeal (NP) and stool specimens from 35 participants, testing by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) and culture. The participants were aged 2 months to 71 years; 25 (71%) were under 18. The median duration of measured fever was 3.0 days and of virus detection in NP specimens was 4.2 days; however, few specimens were collected between days 5–9. The duration of virus detection (4.2 days) was similar to the duration of fever (3.5 days) (RR, 1.14; 95% CI, .66–1.95; P 5 .8), but was shorter than the duration of cough (11.0 days) (RR, .41; 95% CI, .24–.68; P , .001). We detected viral RNA in two participants’ stools. All cultures were negative. This investigation suggests that the duration of virus detection was likely similar to the seasonal influenza virus.